Glossary

C

Cardiac Computed Tomography Angiography (CCTA) — 

Cardiac computed tomography is a CT Scan specific to the heart and major vessels. CCTA utilizes a computed tomography technique to visualize arterial and venous vessels within and surrounding the heart. This produces detailed three-dimensional pictures of the heart or vessels.

Cardiac Monitoring/Cardiac Electro Physiology — 

Providers who perform a continuous check on the functioning of the heart with an electronic instrument.

Cardiovascular Disease — 

A specialty focusing on diseases of the heart, lungs and blood vessels that manages complex cardiac conditions such as heart attacks and life threatening, abnormal heart rhythms.

Children’s Hospital — 

hospitals with inpatients predominantly age 18 or younger.

Chiropractic — 

A specialty focusing on the nonsurgical treatment of neuromuscular skeletal conditions by means of manipulation of the spine and related structures.

Colon and Rectal Surgery — 

A specialty focusing on the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the colon, rectum and anal canal.

Community Mental Health Center — 

A mental health treatment center introduced in the 1960s under new federal legislation designed to replace the large state hospitals, which usually were located in remote rural areas; features include offering a series of comprehensive services by one or more members of the four mental health professions, provision of continuity of care, participation of consumers in the centers, community location to provide accessibility, a combination of indirect or preventive and direct services, the use of program-centered as well as case-centered consultation, a requirement for program evaluation, and various linkages to a variety of health and human services.

Computed Tomography (CT) — 

Computed tomography records attenuated x-ray transmissions through the body by utilizing a computer, reconstructsa graphic image of a tomographic "slice" of a body area with marked anatomical detail.

Computed Tomography Angiography (CTA) — 

Computed tomography angiography (CTA). is a computed tomography technique used to visualize arterial and venous vessels throughout the body. This ranges from arteries serving the brain to those bringing blood to the lungs, kidneys, arms and legs

Computed Tomography Angiography (CTA) — 

Computed tomography angiography is a CAT Scan examination focused on the blood vessels which utilizes a non-ionic/iodine based contrast medium that is injected via an automatic injector into the patient’s vein. The contrast allows visualization of the vessels within the body and are captured by the computer for evaluation and reconstructions

Computed Tomography Scan (CT Scan or CAT Scan) — 

Computed tomography scan is a diagnostic imaging procedure that uses a combination of x-rays and computer technology to produce cross-sectional images horizontally and vertically to show detailed images of any part of the body,bones, muscles, fat, and organs.

Counselors — 

Mental health professionals who provide counseling and therapy.

Critical Access Hospital — 

A hospital that already participates in Medicare; be located in a State that established a State rural health plan for the State Flex Program; be located in a rural area or be treated as rural under a special provision that allows qualified hospital providers in urban areas to be treated as rural; furnish 24-hour emergency care services 7 days a week, using either on-site or on-call staff, with specific on-site response timeframes for on-call staff; maintain no more than 25 inpatient beds that may also be used for swing bed services. It may also operate a distinct part rehabilitation and/or psychiatric unit, each with up to 10 beds; have an annual average length of stay of 96 hours or less per patient for acute care.

Critical Care Medicine — 

The direct delivery by a physician(s) of medical care for a critically ill or injured patient. A critical illness or injury acutely impairs one or more vital organ systems such that the patient’s survival is jeopardized.

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